Basic Tools In Masonry

Basic Tools In Masonry

Masonry is thousand year old profession. However, not much has changed in the selection of tools and equipments used. There are however some additions into the list. Masons today enjoy greater efficiency at work thanks to these modern tools. And to familiarize with them, both the old and modern tools, here is a list of the basic tools that a mason uses:


The trowel’s primary use in masonry is for applying or loading mortar over pieces of bricks or stone blocks. You may notice however that trowels exists in different sizes and shapes. Typically, the bigger ones are used for leveling surfaces after mortar has been loaded. Medium-sized ones are for general use and loading of mortar. And the smaller ones are used for precision work such as filling gaps with additional mortar.


The chisel has various uses in masonry. Bigger ones can be used to correct the shape of blocks by scraping off uneven edges or surfaces. And together with the mashing hammer, it can also be used to cut blocks in half. It is also used to scrape a line along blocks so that they can be cut with precision.

Mason’s Hammer

The mason’s hammer is one versatile tool. Although there is a proper way to use it, a mason can use his imagination to improvise with this tool. One end of it is a flat-surfaced and is used for chipping off blocks. First, the mason scrapes off a line using the chisel-end, and carefully hammers the block to make a clean cut. When needed, it can also be used for nailing.

Mashing Hammer

The mashing hammer provides more impact power than the mason’s hammer. If there are still remains of a previous structure at the work area, like blocks of concrete for example, the mashing hammer can be used to destroy them. For bigger structures however, a bigger demolishing tool should be used. Also, this tool can be used together with the chisel to cut bricks and tiles.

Masonry Power Saw

In some cases, particularly when building larger structures, bigger and heavier pieces of bricks may be used. In which cases, a regular chisel and hammer combo will not be enough to cut the bricks when necessary. Instead, a more powerful tool, the masonry power saw, is used. There are two types which you can choose from: the handheld saw and the table saw.


These are used for fine-tuning the straightness of the masonry work. In flat surfaces for example, a level is used to make sure that the surface measures 0 degrees or 180 degrees with the base (floor). It is also used to make sure that walls are exactly 90% from the floor. There is also a type of level called ‘spirit level’. It has a glass tube which contains either an alcohol or oil. The fluid can determine the flatness of any surface.

Now this makes up the list of some of the most commonly used tools in masonry work. Of course, there are many others that are not included in the list. You can also check the following: jointers, edgers, brushes, steel squares, and groovers.

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